Ativan, which contains the active ingredient Lorazepam, is a prescription medication primarily used to treat anxiety disorders, insomnia, and certain seizure disorders. It belongs to a class of medications called benzodiazepines, which work by enhancing the effects of a neurotransmitter in the brain known as GABA, leading to a calming and relaxing effect.
Dosage and Administration:
The dosage of Ativan (Lorazepam) can vary widely depending on the condition being treated, the individual’s response to the medication, and other factors such as age and medical history. It’s crucial to follow the dosage instructions provided by your doctor. The dosages can range from:
- For anxiety: Typically, the starting dose for adults is around 1mg to 2mg taken 2 to 3 times a day. The total daily dose usually doesn’t exceed 10mg.
- For insomnia: The usual dosage is around 2mg to 4mg taken at bedtime.
- For preoperative sedation: The dosage may be higher, often ranging from 2mg to 4mg given a couple of hours before the procedure.
Ativan tablets are usually taken orally and can be taken with or without food. The medication should be swallowed whole with a glass of water and should not be crushed or chewed.
It’s important to note that benzodiazepines like Ativan are generally prescribed for short-term use due to the risk of dependence and withdrawal symptoms if used for an extended period.
Possible Side Effects:
Common side effects of Ativan can include drowsiness, dizziness, weakness, unsteadiness, and memory problems. More serious side effects can include confusion, depression, changes in mood or behavior, and difficulty breathing.
- Inform your doctor about any allergies or sensitivities you might have.
- Inform your doctor about any other medications you’re taking to avoid potential interactions.
- Avoid alcohol while taking Ativan, as it can increase the risk of side effects.
- If you’re pregnant or breastfeeding, consult your doctor before taking Ativan.