Zopiclone is a sedative-hypnotic medication that helps to induce sleep and improve sleep quality. It is typically prescribed for individuals who have difficulty falling asleep, wake up frequently during the night, or have early morning awakenings. Zopiclone works by enhancing the activity of a neurotransmitter called gamma-aminobutyric acid (GABA), which helps to calm the brain and promote sleep.
Dosage and Administration:
The dosage of zopiclone can vary depending on several factors such as the individual’s age, overall health, and response to the medication. It is important to follow your doctor’s instructions regarding the specific dosage and duration of treatment.
In general, the typical adult dose of zopiclone is 7.5 mg, taken orally, shortly before bedtime. However, for elderly individuals or those with certain medical conditions, a lower dose of 3.75 mg may be prescribed to reduce the risk of side effects.
Zopiclone tablets should be swallowed whole with water and not crushed or chewed. It is recommended to take zopiclone only when you have a full night of sleep ahead (7-8 hours) to avoid potential drowsiness or impaired coordination upon waking.
Usage and Precautions:
Here are some important points to consider when using zopiclone:
- Take zopiclone exactly as prescribed by your doctor. Do not exceed the recommended dose or use it for longer than instructed.
- Avoid consuming alcohol while taking zopiclone as it can enhance the sedative effects and increase the risk of adverse effects.
- Zopiclone is intended for short-term use, typically for 2-4 weeks. Prolonged use may lead to dependence or tolerance, and sudden discontinuation should be avoided.
- Inform your doctor about any other medications, supplements, or herbal products you are taking, as they may interact with zopiclone and affect its effectiveness or increase the risk of side effects.
- Zopiclone may cause drowsiness, dizziness, or impaired coordination. It is essential to assess your individual response to the medication before engaging in activities that require alertness, such as driving or operating machinery.
- If you miss a dose, take it only if you have enough time left for a full night’s sleep. Do not double the dose to make up for a missed one.
Possible Side Effects:
Common side effects of zopiclone may include a bitter or metallic taste in the mouth, dry mouth, drowsiness, dizziness, headache, and nausea. These side effects are usually mild and transient.
Less frequently, zopiclone may cause more severe side effects such as memory loss, confusion, hallucinations, depression, or allergic reactions. If you experience any concerning or persistent side effects, contact your doctor promptly.